The seventh month begins on the 28th and ends on the 31st obstetric week. According to the pregnancy table by month, in calendar values, this period is 30 weeks and 6 days.
It is believed that the 7th month is the period of the “development of the nest”, since in this period the future mother already realizes the approaching birth, which only a few months ago seemed to her only an event from a distant future.
Belly 7 months pregnant
By the seventh month, the stomach reaches an impressive size. The uterus is already rising to 28-30 cm above the bosom, with the result that all the internal organs are transmitted and supported. Due to the active growth of the baby and the increase in the volume of the uterus, it starts to hurt more often and pull the lower abdomen - this physical discomfort can be eliminated with the help of a special bandage. If the pain is not passing, it is necessary to consult with a gynecologist to eliminate the threat of premature birth.
By the 30th week, the fetus continues to actively gain weight and already completely fills the uterus. His movements become more noticeable. Because of the baby's jolts, the uterus is increasingly in tone, the stomach hardens strongly - this is a normal phenomenon, which should not be cause for concern.
The appearance of the abdomen also changes - a dark stripe appears, passing in the middle from the chest to the pubis, and stretch marks are formed on the skin. These processes are associated with hormonal changes that reduce the elasticity of the skin, as well as with the features of an interesting position (large fruit, polyhydramnios, large weight gain).
It is not uncommon for a baby to remain small by 7 months, which worries women. There are no reasons for panic if your weight and height of the bottom of the uterus are normal. In this case, the doctor may prescribe an additional ultrasound to eliminate growth retardation in the fetus and lack of water.
Pregnancy 7 months: fetal development
By the 28th week, the baby is already completely formed and can already live outside the mom's tummy. Its weight reaches 1.5 kg, and growth - 38-40 cm, the skin becomes pink, and adipose tissue continues to accumulate.
- the pulmonary system completes the formation - the baby can already do the first breathing movements, but the ventilation system is still underdeveloped,
- the fetus is completely formed genitals,
- the baby is already good at hearing and distinguishing voices
- first hairs appear on its head,
- the brain and nerve cells are actively functioning, due to which the crumb can feel pain,
- well developed full range of feelings - touch, smell, taste and sight,
- the child is very energetic, and sometimes even hyperactive.
Most often, the increased activity or calm of the child in the mother’s tummy is considered the norm, but the gynecologist may prescribe an additional ultrasound scan to ensure that the fetus is not hypoxic and there is a delay in its development.
7 months of pregnancy: what happens
The seventh month has its own "whims", fraught with discomfort and inconvenience. His main symptoms are false contractions, heartburn and constipation that occur on the background of a rapid increase in the abdomen.
Signs of the seventh month:
- Symptoms of the first trimester may return by the 30th week - mild nausea and dizziness.
- Increased sweating, rapid heartbeat.
- Increasing "sluggishness" - mom's movements become clumsy.
- Increased back and lower back pain.
- The appearance of edema.
- Colic in the side.
- Frequent urination.
Births at 7 months of pregnancy: consequences, causes
The main danger of the seventh month is premature birth, which occurs from the 28th to the 36th week. They become a real challenge for mothers and babies, who are not yet fully ready for independent living. After birth, premature babies need long-term and careful care, as their “immature” lungs are not able to breathe fully.
The reasons for the birth of a child at 7 months can be:
- uncontrolled medication,
- common cold with cough
- excessive weight gain (normally at this point, a pregnant woman is gaining 8-10 kg),
- active sex life, weightlifting,
- stress and malnutrition,
- pathology of the cervix and placenta previa.
In any case, do not panic. Modern maternity hospitals are equipped with intensive care wards for premature babies - they have special devices that provide ventilation of the lungs, food and vital activity of a child born before term. And although mom and neonatologists will have to spend a lot of time and effort on leaving the baby, the outcome in most cases is positive - the baby will fully recover with time and will not be any different from full-term babies.
Abortion in the 7th month of pregnancy
Abortion (artificial birth) at 7 months is carried out only for medical reasons. In any other case it is impossible to legally conduct it - termination of pregnancy in the later periods is prosecuted.
The main indication for a late-term medical abortion is miscarriage or fetal death, genetic pathologies and dangerous infectious diseases of the mother, for which it is impossible to bear a healthy child.
Pregnancy excretion at 7 months
Allocations for 7 months begin to literally “flood” the woman. This phenomenon is considered normal if the discharge does not have a pronounced hue and smell, does not foam and does not curd.
It is worth paying attention if there were:
- bleeding, they can be a symptom of premature labor or placental abruption,
- pink discharge, which can mean the leakage of amniotic fluid,
- brown discharge signaling abnormalities in the fetus,
- yellow or green discharge is a sign of infection.
Often, by the 30th week, discharges appear in the chest - this is colostrum, which has a yellowish tint and a thick, stretching consistency. The appearance of colostrum suggests that in the chest started the preparatory process with the upcoming childbirth and feeding the baby.
If you do not have colostrum, it is also considered the norm and does not mean that milk will not appear after the birth of the child. This process is individual, therefore judging by it the “milkiness” of the future mom is not worth it.
Nausea at 7 months pregnant
Abdominal distention and slight nausea are almost constant companions of the pregnant woman at the 30th week. In most cases, these symptoms appear due to physiological changes associated with an increase in the volume of the uterus, which does not allow the internal organs of the pregnant woman to function normally. Tangible nausea at a later date is not dangerous and is easily tolerated by moms.
Urgent alarm should be, if the nausea is pronounced, manifests constantly and is accompanied by vomiting. These may be signs of late toxicosis, dangerous for the baby.
Why can late toxicosis occur? Due to malnutrition, inadequate amounts of protein and vitamins, kidney and liver failure, unhealthy lifestyle.
Pain on the 7th month of pregnancy
In the later periods, the body actively prepares for childbirth, therefore, it actively conducts "pain exercises". Most often in the period of 28-32 weeks, pain can occur in the lower back, back and abdomen. They are a consequence of the pressure of the uterus on the internal organs and joints of the woman. Do not worry and worry about every unpleasant feeling - if the pain is unexpressed and short-lived, then they are considered the norm.
Often, by the seventh month, the navel starts to ache. This is also a normal phenomenon caused by the active growth of the uterus. The cause of pain in the middle of the abdomen is also the weakening of the abdominal muscles, because of which the navel can even turn out. There are no reasons for panic - after birth, everything will fall into place and the pain will pass.
Sex on the 7th month of pregnancy
Late sexual life is best to stop, as any careless movement or contraction of the uterus during orgasm can provoke premature birth.
But if sexual desire does not allow you to live in peace, then the question of the admissibility of sex can be discussed with the gynecologist - the doctor will be able to adequately assess your condition, eliminate possible threats, and give recommendations on intimate life.
It is not uncommon for women to think about masturbation during pregnancy, especially if the spouse flatly refuses to “contact”, worrying about the baby. There is also no definite answer to this question - psychologists believe that pregnant women can and even need to masturbate, since everything that gives pleasure to mom is good for the fetus, but gynecologists warn that even self-satisfaction is permissible only if there are no contraindications.
Can I fly at 7 months of pregnancy
By the seventh month, when the long-awaited maternity leave came, many moms plan to travel, realizing that in the near future they will not have to take care of the baby. Can I travel and fly late? There is no unequivocal answer to this question - it all depends on the course of pregnancy.
The dangers of the flight in 28-32 weeks:
- pressure drops, which can lead to premature labor,
- lack of oxygen that occurs in the plane during the flight,
- stagnation of blood during prolonged sitting,
- possible exposure to radiation,
- injury risk.
Nutrition at 7 months of pregnancy
The late menu is practically the same as the general pregnant menu, which women are advised to switch to immediately after conceiving a child. Nevertheless, the expectant mother should understand that now she should eat for two, but not in a quantitative, but in a qualitative format.
The diet should include:
- high-grade proteins,
- foods rich in fatty acids
- iron containing products
- “Right” carbs,
- "Suppliers" of fiber.
What can and cannot be on the 7th month of pregnancy
By the 30th week after registration of maternity leave, future mothers begin to actively prepare for childbirth - to make repairs in the nursery, to relocate furniture, to “generate” an apartment, forgetting about the elementary precautionary rules.
Remember! Full rest and walks in the later stages are more important for you and the baby than cleaning. Therefore, it is better to dedicate this time to the selection of clothes for the future heir, to visit a school for pregnant women, where you will be mentally prepared for the upcoming process.
Categorical "no" of the seventh month:
- smoking and alcohol
- physical exercise,
- overwork and stress
- medication without a doctor's prescription,
- tight clothes and high heels,
- contact with household chemicals,
- weight lifting.
Fetal development in the seventh month of pregnancy (from 25 to 28 week)
Twenty-five weeks (true fetal age 23 weeks). Fruit growth is already 30-31 cm., Weight 650-700 g. They increase muscle mass, lengthens and strengthens the skeleton. Changes in the lungs continue: more and more they become cells that produce surfactant - a special substance that prevents the alveoli from sticking together, facilitates their smoothing. Only under this condition can the lungs breathe! The main component of surfactant - the so-called phospholipids - are also in the amniotic (amniotic) fluid (by the way, this habitat of the fetus is now about 700 ml). If there is a threat of premature birth, it is by the level of phospholipids in the amniotic fluid that the maturation of the lungs can be judged, how viable the child is.
Twenty-six weeks (true fetal age 24 weeks). Growth of a fruit already 31-32 cm, weight 700-800 gr. In boys it is during this period that a very important process begins - the testicles from the abdominal cavity, where they were formed, descend into the scrotum. This process will take several weeks. This week, the child is already starting to open his eyes a little. By this time they were almost completely formed, all the layers of the eyeball are now exactly the same as they will be at birth. The child has blue eyes, regardless of race, the final eye color becomes clear only a few months after birth.
Twenty-seven weeks (true fetal age 25 weeks). Fruit growth is already 33-35 cm., Weight is 900-950 g. The organs of hearing are now so perfect that the sounds of the outside world become part of the life of the fetus. Mother's heartbeat - now for him the most wonderful, most soothing music in the world. And after the birth, the baby will calm down for a long time with her mother in her arms, bewitched by familiar rhythms. He distinguishes between parental voices - it is important that they are calm, benevolent. The baby’s skin is very wrinkled due to swimming in the amniotic fluid and this will remain for several weeks after birth.
Twenty-eight weeks (true fetus age 26 weeks). Growth of a fruit is about 35 cm., Weight is about 1000-1100 gr. The child occupies the entire cavity of the uterus, but still can change its position. Fluff hairs still generously cover his body, legs crossed and tucked in, arms stretched to his chest. Brow arc well developed, appeared marigold, however, not reaching until the tips of tiny fingers. He knows how to smile, frown. Still suffers if the mother smokes or is in a room full of tobacco smoke, if she is nervous.
The sex of the child has already been finally determined. The testicles of the boy begin to descend into the scrotum, and the girls take out the vagina. A 28-week-old baby cannot live on its own - primarily due to the underdevelopment of the lungs. But leaving him, if he is born during this period, is easier than in the previous month. This will require special equipment and the efforts of neonatologists. After all, the baby is supposed to grow and develop for another 12 weeks.
Visit to the doctor in the seventh month of pregnancy (from 25 to 28 week)
What can you expect during a visit to the doctor this month:
- assessment of the size and height of the bottom of the uterus,
- weight check (discussion of fasting days, if necessary) and blood pressure,
- general urine analysis,
- biochemical analysis of blood, including the determination of glucose in the blood - so as not to miss the onset of diabetes, pregnant women,
- hemostasiogram. This blood test provides an opportunity to find out how the fetus is developing, whether placental insufficiency threatens, what clotting of the mother is and if there will be bleeding during childbirth,
- during a normal pregnancy, a second planned ultrasound examination is waiting for you, so that the doctor will make sure that the baby is developing as it should be.
Your feelings in the seventh month of pregnancy
By the seventh month, the body will require you to change your lifestyle - whether you like it or not. Just with this term of pregnancy, you will not be able to do things at your usual pace. You form a waddling gait characteristic of pregnant women. The veins in the chest will begin to show clearly. Colostrum may be released from the breast, but if you do not have colostrum, do not worry - this is not a sign that you will have little milk and you will not be able to breastfeed. Fat deposits can form on the stomach, thighs, buttocks.
By the third trimester there is 45 percent more blood in your body than before pregnancy. To pump this extra fluid, the heart must work harder: the heart rate increases by about ten beats per minute, and with each reduction the volume of blood passing through the heart increases by 30 percent. These changes peak in mid-pregnancy, and you may feel that your heart is working with increased stress.
Many women in the second half of pregnancy experience heart palpitations, especially with a sudden change of position or exercise. Heart palpitations will disappear in a few weeks after birth. The pulse will slow down, and the circulatory system will return to the state in which it was before pregnancy.
Your uterus has now grown to the size of a soccer ball and rises 26-28 cm above the lap (approximately 8 cm above the navel), it is already pressing on the diaphragm, on the subcostal area, displacing the stomach. All these factors, together with the effects of progesterone, which slows down the work of the stomach, lead to the fact that gastric juice sometimes rises up into the esophagus, causing heartburn, especially after a heavy meal.
The height of the bottom of the uterus
The height of the bottom of the uterus is one of the simplest tests to help assess the development of the fetus. If the measurements fit into the regulatory parameters, everything goes well, the fruit grows as it should be in these terms. But if the uterus turns out to be less than the fixed indicator, there is cause for alarm. Causes of delayed fetal development may be different, but more often due to placental insufficiency. The prerequisites for its appearance are a long-lasting threat of termination of pregnancy, toxicosis, a viral infection of a woman, for example, the flu.
It happens and vice versa: the size of the uterus more certain norms. This is an alarming phenomenon! An overly large uterus indicates either multiple fetuses or too large amounts of amniotic fluid. This complication is most often caused by infection. These are usually conditionally pathogenic microbes with viruses, such as herpes, cytomegalovirus, which settle in the uterine endometrium.
At 16 weeks of gestation, the bottom of the uterus is determined 6-7 cm above the pubis and approaches the middle distance between the navel and the pubis.
At 20 weeks of gestation, the bottom of the uterus is 12 cm above the pubis or 2 cross fingers below the navel. The value corresponds to the head of an adult.
At 24 weeks, the bottom of the uterus is approximately at the level of the navel and is 18–20 cm from the pubic joint.
At 28 weeks of gestation, the bottom of the uterus is palpable 24-26 cm above the pubis or 2-4 transverse fingers above the navel.
At 32 weeks the bottom of the uterus is located in the middle of the distance between the navel and the xiphoid process, and the height of the bottom standing above the pubis is 28-30 cm.
At 36 weeks, the bottom of the uterus is under the xiphoid process and the sides come into contact with the edge of the rib arches or 34-36 cm above the pubis. This is the highest standing of the bottom of the uterus.
At 40 weeks - the bottom of the uterus falls to the middle of the distance between the umbilicus and the xiphoid process (level of 32 weeks gestation), is 37 - 38 cm.
General recommendations for the seventh month of pregnancy
Hold straight so that the spinal deflection does not develop with weight gain. If you still do not know which maternity hospital, and which doctor will have your childbirth - it's time to think about it. In fact, a good doctor whom you can trust will become your real helper in labor. Register for childbirth preparation courses, free courses are held at women's clinics.
This month's laboratory tests
- general urine analysis,
- biochemical analysis of blood, including the determination of glucose in the blood - so as not to miss the onset of diabetes, pregnant women,
hemostasiogram. This blood test provides an opportunity to find out how the fetus is developing, whether placental insufficiency threatens, what clotting of the mother is and if there will be bleeding during childbirth,
- at the end of the 28th week, women with hyperandrogenism again pass a urine test for the so-called excretion of 17 ketosteroids: this month, the production of the male hormone, androgen, can “jump” again,
- during a normal pregnancy, a second planned ultrasound examination is waiting for you, so that the doctor will make sure that the baby is developing as it should be.
Some features of the period
At the end of the 2nd - the beginning of the 3rd trimester, you may be disturbed by the unpleasant sensations of burning in the stomach (heartburn). The acidic contents of the stomach is thrown into the lower esophagus and begins to irritate the delicate mucous membrane. Why it happens?
The esophagus at the bottom has a sphincter - a clamp that opens easily when food goes into the stomach (then just 4 mm of mercury is enough). But in the opposite direction - from the stomach - he will not miss anything, maintaining a pressure of 80 mm Hg. Art. Normally, the sphincter is tightly closed.
In pregnant women, the smooth muscle tone, including the esophageal sphincter, is significantly reduced due to the relaxing effect of the pregnancy hormone, progesterone. And the uterus increased by the seventh month contributes to an increase in intra-abdominal pressure, which also prevents the sphincter from closing tightly.
As a rule, heartburn begins some time after eating, especially if the expectant mother, after breaking the regimen, ate fatty, spicy, drank black coffee. But often sweet heartburns, black bread, sour berries, and fruits cause heartburn. This state can last several minutes and hours, renewing and repeating many times.
It happens that heartburn increases when a woman lies down, turns from side to side, and many note that on the left side she worries more often. Some people have heartburn at night, during sleep, and when they wake up, the woman usually tries to stand, walk around the room, drink water, eat something. Cause heartburn or greatly increase her body bends forward when washing clothes, fastening boots. Unpleasant sensations under the spoon are sometimes accompanied by a feeling of melancholy, depressed mood, there may be belching air and even pain behind the sternum.
In case of long and painful heartburn, be sure to consult a general practitioner or a gastroenterologist. This may be a symptom of a digestive system disorder.
Do not overeat, avoid sloping positions, do not do anything that would strain the abdominals, do not wear tight belts.
Eat often (5-6 times a day), in small portions. Useful products with alkaline properties, the so-called food antacids: cream, sour cream, cottage cheese, soft-boiled eggs, steam omelets, boiled lean meat (fish, poultry), butter and vegetable oil, white (preferably yesterday) bread.
Boil vegetables, and with persistent heartburn - also wipe, mash. Apples and other fruits are best baked. Include in the diet beets, steamed prunes, to prevent constipation - any straining leads to an increase in intra-abdominal pressure. Completely exclude fatty meats and fish, refractory animal fats (lamb, goose), spicy sauces and seasonings, sour berries and fruits, as well as their juices, vegetables with coarse fiber (white cabbage, radishes, radish, onions), black bread , chocolate, carbonated and fizzy drinks, hot tea, coffee.
After eating it is useful to stand, sit, but do not go to bed - the food will leave the stomach faster. Dinner, make it easy, without meat dishes, and until the very sleep for 3-4 hours no longer eat. Sleep with your head raised high.
For the relief of heartburn, future mothers are ideally suited to drugs with the general name “non-absorbable antacids” that neutralize and adsorb hydrochloric acid in the stomach. They themselves are not absorbed. This, for example, Alfogel, Maalox.
Do not take baking soda for heartburn. The onset of relief is short-lived, since when interacting with gastric juice, soda forms carbonic acid, which has a pronounced socogonic effect: an additional portion of hydrochloric acid is released and soon heartburn is renewed with a new force.
For pregnant women, taking soda is doubly inappropriate. After all, baking soda is sodium bicarbonate, and an excess of sodium leads to the appearance or enhancement of edema, which are not uncommon in the second half of pregnancy.
The most important event of this period: the fetal brain establishes the strongest connections with the holy of holies of the endocrine system - the adrenal cortex. The consequence of this union is the production of hormones by them, which are necessary for the child for future adaptation to the conditions of life after birth. The pituitary gland begins to mature: now it independently, independently of the maternal organism, produces growth hormone.
The child occupies the entire cavity of the uterus, but still can change its position. Fluff hairs still generously cover his body, legs crossed and tucked in, arms stretched to his chest. Brow arc well developed, appeared marigold, however, not reaching until the tips of tiny fingers.
He knows how to smile, frown. Still suffers if the mother smokes or is in a room full of tobacco smoke, if she is nervous.
A 28-week-old baby cannot live on its own - primarily due to the underdevelopment of the lungs. But leaving him, if he is born during this period, is easier than in the previous month. This will require special equipment and the efforts of neonatologists. After all, the baby is supposed to grow and develop for another 12 weeks.
Fetal growth by the end of the 28th week 35 cm, weight 1000-1300 g.
Baby is seven months pregnant
Over the previous six months, the intrauterine life of the baby from a small egg has developed into a full-fledged and almost fully formed man. All its organs and systems have already been formed, and now they are only being improved and are preparing for work in the conditions of the external world. However, here the lungs, although they are formed and even make the first respiratory movements, are not yet ready for independent ventilation. At the same time, if the baby suddenly “decides” to be born prematurely, the presence of special equipment and the efforts of neonatologists will ensure almost 90% of its survival.
This month, the child continues to actively gain weight - subcutaneous fat accumulates intensively, the skin gradually smoothes out. Though now, though, it is unusual for an adult person to be pink and quite thin, blood vessels shine through it.
The crumb for all the time of his intrauterine life has already grown so much that now occupies almost the entire space of the uterus. True, it can still move in it, "tapping" on her mother's tummy from the inside. And the movements of the child should be observed: excessive activity of the baby may indicate discomfort - with frequent and strong shocks he may report that he does not have enough air or that he also worries with his mother when she is nervous and anxious.
At this stage, the formation of the reproductive system ends: the boys have testicles in the scrotum, the girls have a clitoris, but the labia still remain open.
The child continues to accumulate phosphorus, iron and calcium, the bones are fully formed, but still quite fragile. The heart of the baby clearly beats, and mom and dad can even try to determine the sex of the baby by themselves: listening to the heart. It has been noticed that in boys and girls the heart beats differently: in boys - measuredly and calmly, in girls - “partly” faster.
In the seventh month of pregnancy, the child’s hearing aids are already well developed: he distinguishes the sounds of the outside world, listens to the beat of his mother’s heart, the sounds of blood moving through her body and the bowels. In addition, the baby already knows how to distinguish voices, so experts advise as often as possible to talk more with the baby, sing lullabies and read fairy tales to it, include pleasant music.
By the end of the month, the lanugo fluff will gradually begin to descend from the baby’s calf. The first hairs are already present on his little head, eyebrows are formed, the baby opens and closes his eyes. In addition, he is already able to express emotions - sometimes frowning, smiling, frowning. By the end of the seventh month, the child will grow up to about 40-41 cm and "grows heavy" to 1400-1500.
Sensations and possible problems of the seventh month of pregnancy
The feelings of a woman in the seventh month of pregnancy do not actually differ from those that occurred in the previous month. But now the woman is even fuller and clearer that she is about to, very soon, to accomplish her main purpose in life - to give life to a new person. In this regard, anxiety and anxiety are not uncommon in the seventh month of pregnancy.
By this time, the woman has already significantly gained weight: the optimal increase is 9-10 kg, and then the weight continues to increase. The stomach, it seems, has already grown “to impossibility”: the skin on it may itch and itch as a result of stretching, for the same reason red oblong spots may appear on the stomach. The breast has significantly increased - now colostrum is probably already separated from the mammary glands. Do not neglect the special means of stretch marks, otherwise after giving birth, Mommy risks being very upset when she finds an unpleasant defect in the form of stretch marks on her stomach, thighs, and chest.
For pregnancy at this stage is characterized by a feeling of a certain heat, increased sweating, especially at night, during sleep. These phenomena are explained by the fact that now the metabolism is 20% faster, the volume of blood circulating in the body is increased.
“Inheritance” from the previous month to the seventh month of pregnancy is “inherited” and swelling of the extremities. Puffiness is usually more pronounced in the late afternoon, after standing or sitting. This is also a consequence of the accumulation of fluid in the body, and if the edema is minor and the woman is not disturbed, then they usually do not pose a danger. But if the hands and feet swell strongly, it is better to consult with your doctor about this.
Term General Information
The seventh month opens the final, third trimester of pregnancy for the expectant mother. Now she enters the home stretch and many begin to count the time before delivery. Month includes 4.5 calendar or 4 obstetric weeks. If we measure the time as doctors do - in obstetric weeks and months, then 7 months will correspond to 26, 27, 28 and 29 weeks. If you count in such months, then in pregnancy you get exactly 10 months, in each of which 4 weeks.
In calendar weeks, more familiar to women, pregnancy lasts 9 months. And the seventh is 27, 28, 29, 30 weeks and a few days from 31 weeks.
The seventh month in the people has long been called "sometimes nesting." Right now, a woman gets more free time in connection with going on maternity leave, many at this stage are starting to buy cute children's little things, to equip a house, a nursery, to clean and tidy.
This period still does not imply a noticeable deterioration of state of health, and therefore all matters are given to a woman rather easily and burdensomely, although the first signs of severity already overtake the expectant mother.
The baby in the womb is rapidly growing and gaining weight, now it is vital, because the subcutaneous fat will help the baby to keep body warm after birth and not to be supercool. Mom will rejoice in sweet roundness - cheeks, plump ass, pens. In the meantime, the child looks still thin, but already very similar to the newborn.
The lungs are actively ripening - a substance accumulates in the alveoli that will allow the little one to breathe on its own after birth - surfactant. While it is not enough for independent breathing, but if childbirth occurs within this month, then the baby has all the chances to survive and be healthy. The processes that occur in the development of the fetus at this time are very interesting, and it is worth considering them more closely.
The time when the child enjoyed free swimming in the amniotic fluid and coups ended. With the onset of the first week of the third trimester the baby weighs up to almost a kilogram with an increase of 37 centimeters (on average). There are already larger children, there are those whose weight still does not reach 900 grams, but all of them, without exception, become cramped in the womb. To save space. the child takes a flexion pose, which is often referred to as an embryo pose - the arms are folded to the chest or crossed on it, the chin is bent down, the back is “arc”, the legs are bent at the knee joints. In this position, the baby will have to spend all the time remaining before birth.
From now on, it becomes quite difficult to determine the sex of the child on ultrasound. The pose in which the baby remains is making visualization of the external genital organs difficult and the accuracy of determining the sex of the child is markedly reduced.
At the current time the child improves visual function. This is due to the end of the formation of neural connections in the optic nerve. Now the fruit can not only distinguish between light and darkness, as he did before, but also see color blurry spots. He has already learned to open his eyes. Focusing of view will begin to appear only in the first months after the birth of the child.
If childbirth takes place right now, the forecasts are quite favorable - up to 75% of children successfully survive, but it’s impossible to do without the reanimation medical care.
In the child's body, everything happens the same as in the body of adults, only the lungs do not work yet. Yet, every day, the internal organs of the child improve in their functional duties: the heart knocks rhythmically and supplies the entire children's body with blood, the kidneys produce up to half a liter of urine per day, the bladder is properly emptied, the pancreas produces insulin, the bone marrow produces blood cells, sex cells the glands are the sex hormones, and all this is wisely guided by the brain, which has already acquired furrows and gyri.
It is believed that the baby enters the perinatal period of its development preceding childbirth. Its height reaches 38 centimeters, weight varies from 1100 to one and a half kilograms.. It’s hard to say how much the fruit should weigh - now everything is purely individual (there are children large and large, there are small, miniature). There is a tendency for differences in weight by sex - boys are becoming a little heavier than girls.
Eyelashes grow and rounded cheeks. Not yet plump priests, but it is a matter of time. The color of the iris of the eye changes from blue to that provided by the baby’s genome. A tenth of the thin, colorless lanugo hair covering the child’s body has already fallen out, the rest tend to do the same. In lanugo and cheese lubrication, the physiological need is now almost absent - the skin has become more durable, four-layer. Lubrication is maintained only in the folds under the knees, in the groin, in the elbows and in the neck fold. If twins or triplets grow in the mother's womb, then right now the expectant mother leaves on the maternity leave due to her by law.
If childbirth occurs now, 90% of children survive without significant health consequences.
The child continues to be heavy - now he can weigh already from one and a half kilograms with growth in 39 centimeters. Subcutaneous fat is now about 5% of its total weight, and this is an impressive result for the crumbs. His chances of survival in case of premature birth rose to 96-97%. The consequences of childbirth on this period, of course, can be very different, but for most children everything goes well.
On this date a very significant event takes place - the differentiation of the cortex of the brain is completed, and now the baby interacts more consciously with the world around him. He can catch the umbilical cord, suck a finger, knows about 70 more different reflex skills that will help him survive immediately after birth.
At this time, all pregnant with one fetus go on maternity leave. A wonderful period begins when a woman can enjoy her position, practice a favorite hobby, prepare for the birth of a baby. Anxiety in the current period is the wrong position of the baby in the uterus. The one that was established by week 30 is usually already final.and if now the baby is sitting on the priest or lying across, then after a month and a half, the doctor will raise the question of prescribing a cesarean section to a woman so as not to expose the child’s life and health to an unreasonable risk of birth injuries.
Everything is getting closer inside the uterus. The movements are still active, but all the children are already in flexion posture. The growth of the average baby at 30 weeks - about 40-41 centimeters, the child weighs from 1600 grams.
The beginning of this week ends the seventh month. By this date, the baby came with an increase of 42 centimeters, he was heavy up to 1800 grams, there are already children who weigh under 2 kilograms.
There are no more multiple folds on the skin, almost all the hairs are lanugo, the remnants will fall out in the last weeks of pregnancy, and if they don’t fall out, the child will get rid of lanugo after birth alone, without the help of parents and medical workers.
If you have previously recovered belly, cheeks, pop, then pens and legs are starting to get better. The ears, represented by a relatively soft cartilage tissue, by this time somewhat harden and stop bristling to the side, adjacent to the head. If a baby is born right now, then according to the degree of softness of the auricles, neonatologists will estimate the degree of its prematurity. Those born at this time usually survive well without significant consequences for the body., but resuscitation medical care will be required without fail, since the crumb will still be considered premature, its lungs are not mature enough.
Babies in the 7th month of pregnancy are very emotional. Observant mommies already know what the crumb likes and what doesn’t, when he is active, and when he sleeps, what sounds scare him.
Activity will soon decline, because the place in the womb was not enough, but while parents can enjoy unforgettable minutes: a crumb can thump his fist in the stomach in response to the palm laid by his father, he can react to the gentle voice of his mother.
Well-being of the future mother
At the very beginning of the seventh month, a woman will not feel any cardinal changes in her state of health beyond what was last month, but by the second half of this period everything will start to change, and you need to be ready for this.
Women often complain of excessive sweating.. Indeed, in the seventh month, sweating rises, especially if a woman is mobile, walks a lot, works, and outside in the summer. May start to throw it in the heat, then in the cold - these feelings future mother remembers in the first trimester, in the earliest stages of pregnancy. But then it was due to the action of the hormone progesterone, now the reason - a sharp increase in the amount of blood circulating in the female body and increased metabolism.
Right now, the fluid may begin to linger in the tissues, and then the gynecologist during the examination will surely report that the woman has edema. and will offer her supportive treatment in a hospital or in a day hospital. Swelling is not difficult to recognize - in the morning the face looks like a mask of the Chinese emperor of the Ming dynasty, and from the ring or bracelet on his hand there is a clear mark on the skin. Shoes may seem cramped if your legs are swollen.
Swelling can not be considered the norm and do not even try to reassure themselves that "they have all." Edema - a sign of preeclampsia. This is the name of late toxicosis. It is more dangerous than the early one in that the edema can still be internal. Gestosis can lead to complications of childbirth and even cause the death of a woman and fetus.
From this month, it is recommended to reduce the amount of salt and fluid intake, adjust your own nutrition and carefully monitor weight gain.
Due to the increased amount of blood in the body, vaginal discharge increases. This is normal, but only under the condition that the woman does not have a lower abdominal pain, no bleeding or brown discharge. Healthy discharge - white or transparent, odorless or with a slight kefir odor, without itching.
If there are pink, beige, heterogeneous discharge with clots, blood discharge of any intensity, you need to call an ambulance - it is possible that the woman is threatened with premature birth.
With timely hospitalization, pregnancy can be prolonged in all cases, except for the presence of the beginning of the birth process with contractions and discharge of water.
The cause of green or gray foul-smelling discharge at this time - infection. White discharge with itching and dryness - thrush. If something like this begins, you need to visit your doctor in order to get an appointment for treatment, because before the birth the genital tract must be clean, free from infections, otherwise the issue of caesarean section may be considered to protect the child from infection.
Belly can not hide. He is big and even in loose clothing, anyone can easily determine that a woman is in position. The uterus rose above the level of the navel and presses the diaphragm. Because of this, the woman has a constant feeling that she does not have enough air, that it is difficult to breathe. The ribs may start to hurt.
It seems to the future mum that the stomach is already very large, in any case, in order to fasten boots or tie shoelaces, external help is already needed. At the same time, there are women who complain about too small belly. It makes them worry about the development of the baby. There is no reason to think that the baby is bad in a small belly. Simply small belly may be because the woman has a wide pelvis, there are extra pounds, lack of water is diagnosed, the fetus is small. Just share your experiences with the doctor - he will tell you if everything is alright with the crumbs.
This month, many women experience so-called training or mock contractions. (the stomach becomes tight, the uterus comes in tone for a few seconds, and then relaxes again). Such contractions are a completely normal phenomenon, as is the absence of such contractions. Neither the term of labor nor the condition of the baby has no effect on false contractions. It is believed that the body of women is preparing for childbirth.
The abdomen needs to continue to be moisturized and nourished with a fat baby cream or with special means for stretch marks - the skin stretches too quickly. Weight gain now ranges from 200 to 400 grams per week, and most of this weight should be attributed to the burden of your child.
Increases the load on the spine. Changed the center of gravity. That is why more and more back aches, especially if you stand or sit for a long time. In some women, the pubic bone begins to hurt. Be sure to inform your doctor. The discrepancy of the pelvic bones before childbirth is the nature of the provided mechanism to facilitate the birth process, but an excessive discrepancy can lead to a symphysis.
The remaining sensations are quite individual: the breast grows, colostrum can be released. Some again begin to suffer from insomnia, but now not because of progesterone, but due to the fact that they only have to sleep on their side, and it can be problematic to roll from side to side. Many suffer from episodic heartburn and diarrhea (the uterus puts pressure on the intestines and stomach).
Particular attention should be paid to your psychological and emotional state - with the development of depression, the likelihood of severe postpartum depression now grows significantly, and therefore it is better to contact a psychologist or psychotherapist right now for help if there is no mood for more than two weeks, if what was interesting earlier, ceased to attract, if you do not want anything or have a strong fear of childbirth.
What is allowed and what is prohibited?
In the seventh month, it is important for a woman to pay special attention to the prevention of preterm labor.
- nervous, stay in prolonged stress,
- lift weights and harass yourself with workouts in the gym,
- experience strong vibrations
- alcohol (even champagne, even in small quantities).
Now that is allowed, but with restrictions.
- Sex is not prohibited if the woman does not have the pathology of the current pregnancy, if the doctor does not object to the active intimate life of his patient. Sex life will require careful and tactful attitude on the part of the partner - poses must be delicate, it is impossible to press on the stomach. Orgasm helps to improve the emotional state of women, as well as preparing the muscles of the uterus for childbirth. But everything should be in moderation. There are cases when an orgasm led to premature labor.
- Treatment. A woman can be treated her teeth, if there is such a need. Any treatment should be agreed with the obstetrician-gynecologist, since during this period the common cold, sore throat, flu, chicken pox and herpes are not as dangerous for the baby as unauthorized treatment with medicines and folk remedies.
- Travels. Flight for 7 months is allowed, but only if women do not have pathologies of pregnancy, hypertension. It is not recommended to fly to exotic countries, since acclimatization may require too much power from the female body. Some airlines from this date before admitting the passenger “in position” to the aircraft are asked to show a certificate, certified by the doctor’s stamp, that the doctor does not object to the flight and does not consider it dangerous. When buying a ticket, check this question with the representative of the carrier company.
- You can dye your hair and grow your nails, but only with the use of the safest formulations.
- To call an ambulance at 7 months of pregnancy is necessary in cases where the bleeding has opened, watery discharge has appeared (water), developed regular contractions (the stomach becomes tight at certain intervals, which become shorter).
- Try to avoid injuries and falls.. If this happens, immediately consult a doctor to make sure that the child is doing well.